KWDB not recognizing DLKM type names (140 Views)
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Posts: 14
Registered: ‎02-05-2008
Message 1 of 10 (140 Views)
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KWDB not recognizing DLKM type names

Hi,

While analyzing a crash dump (from HP-UX 11.31 IA), I am passing -m flag to kwdb to enable DLKM debugging. kwdb can recognize symbols from our DLKM module, but it is not recognizing type names. Couple of examples:

1. _fsh_fs_info_tbl is a global. kwdb can find it, but can't recognize its type.
q4> print &_fsh_fs_info_tbl
$1 = ( *) 0x4f12270

2. Directly printing a type doesn't work too.
q4> ptype struct fsh_fstype_info_st
No struct type named fsh_fstype_info_st.

How can I make kwdb recognize type names from our DLKM module?

I wrote a small C file (sym.c) with a few data structures defined in it and then compiled it using the command line: /opt/ansic/bin/cc +DD64 -D_KERNEL -g -c sym.c (_KERNEL is defined to include kernel space declarations). Then I used the 'adddebug' command inside kwdb to load these symbols:

q4> adddebug sym.o
Reading debug info from /var/adm/crash.3/sym.o...
expanding to full symbols...Reading debug info ...done.

Still the symbols defined in sym.c are not visible inside kwdb. I must be missing something. How can I get this to work?

kwdb version is 3.2.1.

Thanks,
Vivek
Acclaimed Contributor
Posts: 25,761
Registered: ‎03-06-2006
Message 2 of 10 (140 Views)

Re: KWDB not recognizing DLKM type names

>How can I make kwdb recognize type names from our DLKM module?

What does "ptype &_fsh_fs_info_tbl" show?

Can you toss kwdb out and use a normal C executable with sym.c and see if gdb finds that type?

What aC++ compiler version are you using?
Advisor
Posts: 14
Registered: ‎02-05-2008
Message 3 of 10 (140 Views)

Re: KWDB not recognizing DLKM type names

> What does "ptype &_fsh_fs_info_tbl" show?

q4> ptype &_fsh_fs_info_tbl
type = *

> What aC++ compiler version are you using?

B9007AA C.11.31.04.2 HP C/aC++ Developer's Bundle

I think I've figured out the problem. It's got something to do with the Itanium compiler's behaviour. Things are fine on PA-RISC.

I created a simple program foo.c:

typedef struct mytype
{
int a;
long b;
} mytype_t;

main()
{
}

Then compiled it both on IA and PA using the cmd: /opt/ansic/bin/cc +DD64 -g -c foo.c

When I 'adddebug'ed foo.o on kwdb (or gdb) running on a PA machine, kwdb showed 'mytype' in the catalog.

However, on IA machine, kwdb didn't show 'mytype'.

I figured out that if you _use_ a variable of a type then that type will show up in kwdb on IA. So changing main to:

main()
{
mytype_t t1;

t1.a = 10;
}

will cause kwdb to recognize 'mytype'. Note that simply declaring a variable is not enough; you have to actually use that variable. I guess the IA compiler is removing unused code even in the presence of -g flag. I don't know if a flag can be used to change this behaviour. PA compiler doesn't need this extra work.

Regards,
Vivek
Acclaimed Contributor
Posts: 25,761
Registered: ‎03-06-2006
Message 4 of 10 (140 Views)

Re: KWDB not recognizing DLKM type names

>B9007AA C.11.31.04.2

This is A.06.20. The latest is A.06.25.01.

>I guess the IA compiler is removing unused code even in the presence of -g flag.

Yes. A C++ compiler can't afford to put unused info into the debug info.

>I don't know if a flag can be used to change this behaviour.

I can't duplicate your problem. If you use +kernel and -g, unused types are put into the debug info. I assume you also used +noobjdebug?
Advisor
Posts: 14
Registered: ‎02-05-2008
Message 5 of 10 (140 Views)

Re: KWDB not recognizing DLKM type names

> Yes. A C++ compiler can't afford to put unused info into the debug info.

I would think that any optimizations should not be applied when -g flag is specified _and_ none of the optimization flags are specified. PA compiler seems to work differently in this regard, which is along (my) expected lines.

> If you use +kernel and -g, unused types are put into
> the debug info. I assume you also used +noobjdebug?

I didn't use +noobjdebug.

However, using +kernel makes it work. I no longer have to use the types to make them appear in debugger.

What does this option really do? It is not listed at A.06.25's online help page (http://h21007.www2.hp.com/portal/download/files/unprot/aCxx/Online_Help/options.htm ).

Regards,
Vivek
Acclaimed Contributor
Posts: 25,761
Registered: ‎03-06-2006
Message 6 of 10 (140 Views)

Re: KWDB not recognizing DLKM type names

>I would think that any optimizations should not be applied when -g flag

This isn't really an optimization. Customers don't like it when their object files are massive.

>PA compiler seems to work differently in this regard

That's because it is a C only compiler, not aC++.

>our DLKM module
>using +kernel makes it work.
>What does this option really do?

This is a required option for DLKMs. If you are creating DLKMs, you must follow the info in the DDK guides.
http://www.hp.com/go/hpux_ddk
http://h21007.www2.hp.com/portal/site/dspp/menuitem.863c3e4cbcdc3f3515b49c108973a801/?ciid=cb08b3f1e...
Advisor
Posts: 14
Registered: ‎02-05-2008
Message 7 of 10 (140 Views)

Re: KWDB not recognizing DLKM type names

> That's because it is a C only compiler, not aC++.

Hmm, yes. I didn't know this. On Itanium:

# ls -l /opt/ansic
lrwxrwxrwx 1 bin bin 3 Jul 22 04:45 /opt/ansic -> aCC

> +kernel ... This is a required option for DLKMs.

Our DLKM is actually built using this option (along with several others); just that I didn't use it for my test program, more so because PA compiler did not require it. But things are better now.

Thanks a lot, Dennis, for all the help.

Regards,
Vivek
Acclaimed Contributor
Posts: 25,761
Registered: ‎03-06-2006
Message 8 of 10 (140 Views)

Re: KWDB not recognizing DLKM type names

>Thanks a lot, Dennis, for all the help.

If you are happy with the answers you were given, please read the following about how to assign points:
http://forums.itrc.hp.com/service/forums/helptips.do?#33
Advisor
Posts: 14
Registered: ‎02-05-2008
Message 9 of 10 (140 Views)

Re: KWDB not recognizing DLKM type names

I have assigned points in all my threads in the past, though I do it at the end. Doing so now.

Regards,
Vivek
Advisor
Posts: 14
Registered: ‎02-05-2008
Message 10 of 10 (140 Views)

Re: KWDB not recognizing DLKM type names

Closing thread. Use the +kernel option together with -g when using IA C compiler.

Vivek
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